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In 1952, a small group of distinguished Chicago theater-goers began to give an award with that name, which was sculpted to look like the one used in the film.

He sent a memo to Darryl F. Zanuck saying it "fits in with an original idea [of mine] and can be combined. "Gender and Sexuality – All about the Subversive Femme – Cold War Homophobia in All About Eve" in. All About Eve (1950) [25][30], Another important theme of the film, in terms of war politics and sexuality, involves the post-World War II pressure placed upon women to resume "traditional" female roles. At dinner, the two married couples see Eve and Addison in a similarly negative light, with Margo wondering aloud what schemes Eve was constructing in her "feverish little brain." [25] The nurturing heterosexual relationships of Margo and Bill and of Karen and Lloyd serve to contrast with the loveless relationship predation and sterile careerism of the homosexual characters, Eve and Addison. Margo ultimately chooses the latter option, accepting her position as one of loss. "[27] Geist asserted that Mankiewicz "was highly contemptuous of both male and female homosexuals,"[27] although Mankiewicz himself suggested otherwise in an interview in which he argued that society should "drop its vendetta against them. It was based on the 1946 short story "The Wisdom of Eve" by Mary Orr, although screen credit was not given for it. Mankiewicz also added the characters Addison DeWitt, Birdie Coonan, Max Fabian, and Phoebe. Even film reviewer Kenneth Geist, despite being critical of the emphasis that Sam Staggs' book All About All About Eve places on the film's homosexual elements, nonetheless acknowledged that Eve's lesbianism seemed apparent; specifically, Geist states that "manifestations of Eve's lesbianism are only twice briefly discernible. All About Eve has been referred to as the “ … Physical description She is a scheming,ruthless young actress who systematically steals the career of her idol, Margo Channing. All About Eve was selected in 1990 for preservation in the National Film Registry. "[15] John McCarten of The New Yorker called it "a thoroughly entertaining movie. Single, later Married She previously worked on the Britannica Book of the Year and was a member... (From left) Anne Baxter, Bette Davis, Marilyn Monroe, and George Sanders in, (From left to right) Gary Merrill, Gregory Ratoff, and Bette Davis in. Margo and Bill announce their engagement at dinner with the Richardses in the Cub Room of the Stork Club. Everyone is captivated except Margo’s maid and companion, Birdie (Thelma Ritter), who is openly skeptical. When Margo realizes what Eve is up to, she very openly and loudly questions Eve’s character and motives. Or she can accept her culture's gendered discourse of aging which figures her as in her moment of fading. While Eve rests in the other room, Phoebe dons the elegant robe that Eve wore to the banquet and poses in front of a multi-paned mirror, holding the award as if it were a crown. She seems to anticipate Margo's every need, including placing a long-distance phone call to Bill when Margo forgets his birthday. Broadway actress. It ran for four previews and 896 performances at the Palace Theatre on Broadway. All About Eve, produced by Darryl F. Zanuck and written and directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz, was based on a short story and later radio play, both entitled The Wisdom of Eve and written by Mary Orr. In fact, it's been stated that she made her first stage appearance when she was four (She played a fairy in, Despite being a total drama queen even offstage, she's not so dramatic she lets her drama life take over her reality (. Eve skips a party in her honor and returns home alone, where she encounters Phoebe (Barbara Bates)—a high-school-aged fan—who has slipped into her apartment and fallen asleep. Rebecca Flint Marx, in her Allmovie review, notes the antagonism that existed between Broadway and Hollywood at the time, stating that the "script summoned into existence a whole array of painfully recognizable theatre types, from the aging, egomaniacal grand dame to the outwardly docile, inwardly scheming ingenue to the powerful critic who reeks of malignant charm. ", The plot of the film has been used numerous times, frequently as an outright homage to the film, with one notable example being a 1974 episode of, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 23:20. While performing in The Two Mrs. Carrolls during 1943 and 1944, Bergner allowed a young fan to become part of her household and employed her as an assistant, but later regretted her generosity when the woman attempted to undermine her. Mankiewicz praised Davis both for her professionalism and for the caliber of her performance. But Eve has all of Margo’s friends and her fiancé totally fooled. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1970, All About Eve was the inspiration for the stage musical Applause, with book by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, lyrics by Lee Adams, and music by Charles Strouse. Birdie sees such agency as being unnatural, and the film contrasts its predatory nature ("studying you like a blueprint") with the love and warmth of her later reliance upon Bill. The film opens with the image of a fictitious award trophy, described by DeWitt as the "highest honor our theater knows: the Sarah Siddons Award for Distinguished Achievement."

The role of Bill Sampson was originally intended for John Garfield or Ronald Reagan. DeWitt responds by telling her that he knows about all her lies and manipulations, and he declares that she now belongs to him.

Praised by critics at the time of its release, All About Eve received a record 14 Academy Award nominations[notes 1] and won six, including Best Picture. [39], A second radio version of All About Eve starring Tallulah Bankhead as Margo Channing was presented on NBC's The Big Show by the Theatre Guild of the Air on November 16, 1952. The pressure to acquiesce agency and more highly value patriarchy, following the return of men from the war, after having been shown propaganda promoting agency such as Rosie the Riveter and after having occupied traditionally male roles such as bomb-building factory worker, was deemed "the problem that has no name" by well-known feminist Betty Friedan. Bette Davis does probably one of her greatest roles as the washed-up actress, plus the role resurrected her career after her population was dying down in the late 1940s. All About Eve is a 1950 American drama film written and directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz, and produced by Darryl F. Zanuck. Anne Baxter does an incredible portrayal of the young actress.

She's a Broadway legend who's struggling to adjust to growing past her primetime actress years. [5]All About Eve was ranked sixteenth on AFI's 1998 list of the 100 best American films. When Karen returns to the table, she is surprised to hear Margo turn down the role that Eve wants. Karen arranges for Margo to miss a performance of Aged in Wood so that Eve can go on in her stead. In 1990, All About Eve was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. Margo invites Eve to live in her home and become her assistant. "[23] Kathleen Woodward's 1999 book, Figuring Age: Women, Bodies, Generations (Theories of Contemporary Culture), also discusses themes that appeared in many of the "aging actress" films of the 1950s and 1960s, including All About Eve. Neutral This is illustrated in the contrast between Margo's mockery of Karen Richards for being a "happy little housewife" and her lengthy and inspired monologue, as a reformed woman later, about the virtuousness of marriage, including how a woman is not truly a woman without having a man beside her. Bill Sampson (husband) When AFI named Bette Davis #2 on its list of the greatest female American screen legends, All About Eve was the film selected to highlight Davis' legendary career.

The story of All About Eve originated in an anecdote related to Mary Orr by actress Elisabeth Bergner. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Margo is enraged when she finds out, but Karen, Lloyd, and Bill are appalled by Margo’s attitude toward Eve. This submissive and effeminate Margo is contrasted with the theatricality, combativeness, and egotism of the earlier career woman Margo, and the film's two homosexual characters. with a double major in Spanish and in theatre arts from Ripon College. Margo Channing Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids!

Mankiewicz greatly admired Thelma Ritter and wrote the character of Birdie Coonan for her after working with her on A Letter to Three Wives in 1949. It's going to be a bumpy night."

Zanuck was enthusiastic and provided numerous suggestions for improving the screenplay. "[18], On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, All About Eve holds an approval rating of 99% based on 74 reviews, with an average rating of 9.28/10. The movie then recounts Eve’s rise to stardom. The film has been selected by the American Film Institute for many of their 100 Years lists. "[28], Homosexuality was often linked to communism during the Cold War's Lavender Scare and critics have written about film's subtle, yet central, Cold War narrative. Affiliations Now, Eve exults, Lloyd will write brilliant plays showcasing her. View All Photos (15) All About Eve Videos. She reasons that Margo has three options: "To continue to work, she can perform the role of a young woman, one she no longer seems that interested in.

Monroe got the part after a lobbying campaign by her agent,[11] despite Zanuck's initial antipathy and belief that she was better suited to comedy. Assistant Editor, Encyclopaedia Britannica.

She is a scheming, ruthless young actress who systematically steals the career of her idol, Margo Channing. After that evening's performance, Eve tries to seduce Bill, but he rejects her.

[8] At that time, Hampden served as the president of the prestigious Players Club in New York, a club for actors which also gives a lifetime achievement award. Learn about her accomplishments, character strengths, weaknesses, and life lessons. All About Eve (1950) Full Cast & Crew. For other uses, see, This feat was only matched by the 1997 film, Field, Douglas. Forewarned, Eve invites theatre critics, and her performance is a triumph. [25] The documentary The Celluloid Closet also affirms this theme to which Corber refers, including citing numerous other film examples from the same Production Code time period in which All About Eve was made.

View All Videos (1) All About Eve Quotes. Bankhead and Davis were considered to be somewhat similar in style. [43][44] Bette Davis played three roles on film that had been originated by Tallulah Bankhead — Dark Victory, Jezebel and The Little Foxes, much to Bankhead's chagrin. The cast also featured Alan Hewitt as Addison DeWitt (who narrated), Beatrice Pearson as Eve Harrington, Don Briggs as Lloyd Richards, Kevin McCarthy as Bill Samson, Florence Robinson as Birdie Coonan, and Stefan Schnabel as Max Fabian.[45]. Before Karen can talk with Lloyd, Margo announces to everyone's surprise that she does not wish to play Cora and would prefer to continue in Aged in Wood. Eve Harrington is the titular main antagonist of the 1950 film All About Eve. She can take up the position of the angry bitch, the drama queen who holds court (the deliberate camp that Susan Sontag finds in this film). Bergner later confirmed the basis of the story in her autobiography Bewundert viel, und viel gescholten (Greatly Admired and Greatly Scolded). Bruce Kirle (Southern Illinois University Press; 1st edition, October 24, 2005), Dorothy Kilgallen (Thursday, June 24, 1943), "The $64 Questions,", Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture, Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures, AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains, AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition), List of films with a 100% rating on Rotten Tomatoes, "Complete National Film Registry Listing | Film Registry | National Film Preservation Board | Programs at the Library of Congress | Library of Congress", "Library of Congress Adds 25 Titles to National Film Registry", "Cold War Femme: Lesbian Visibility In ... All About Eve", Camp: Queer Aesthetics and the Performing Subject, "The 23rd Academy Awards (1951) Nominees and Winners", Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, "GENERIC RADIO WORKSHOP OTR SCRIPT: Lux Radio Theater", "All About Eve in London to star Gillian Anderson and Lily James: details confirmed", "Quantum Leap Season 5 Episode 18 Goodbye Norma Jean", The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance), Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri, New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=All_About_Eve&oldid=986778199, Films featuring a Best Supporting Actor Academy Award-winning performance, Films that won the Best Sound Mixing Academy Award, Films that won the Best Costume Design Academy Award, Films whose director won the Best Directing Academy Award, Films whose writer won the Best Adapted Screenplay Academy Award, United States National Film Registry films, Films with screenplays by Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Fasten your seatbelts.

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