, Die Region und deren Bewohner haben sich bis zum Jahr 2010 nicht von dem Schaden erholt. , 30 Jahre nach dem Unglück sind die Spuren des Vorfalls noch sichtbar. A pair of oil-covered gloves lie on a log after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Next, check out photos of Whittier, Alaska, the tiny town that exists almost entirely under one roof. After being refitted Exxon Valdez was renamed Exxon Mediterranean and returned to service. And it tanked the local community's economy. In court testimony, Cousins claimed he had given the correct orders to Kagan, but that Kagan didn't carry them out properly. The disaster would kill thousands of local species in the following months after. Image: From the collection of Gary Shigenaka. Captain Joseph Hazelwood appears in court two weeks after the oil spill. Exxon would be made to pay, literally, for damages caused by the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Von Mitte März 2005 fuhr das Schiff unter der Flagge der Marshallinseln als Mediterranean. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 14. März jenes Jahres auf dem Weg von der Öl-Verladestation der Trans-Alaska-Pipeline in der Hafenstadt Valdez Richtung Süden. Book Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Exxon Valdez Ship sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. ), Not one drop : betrayal and courage in the wake of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, Investigation of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, Prince William Sound, Alaska : oversight hearings before the Subcommittee on Die Exxon Valdez war ein Öltanker. Im Strafverfahren gegen Exxon kam es zu einem Schuldhandel, der zu einer Verurteilung Exxons zu 150 Millionen Dollar Geldstrafe, von denen 125 Millionen wegen Exxons Bemühungen zur Schadensbeseitigung und gezahltem Schadensersatz erlassen wurden, sowie 100 Millionen Dollar Wiedergutmachungszahlungen (Criminal Restitution) führte. An Alaskan court ordered Exxon to pay $5 billion in 1994, but but after 14 years of lawsuits and appeals, the U.S. Supreme Court settled on about $500 million. But both Cousins and Exxon denied that the crew member had been overburdened with work. The oil industry promised, but never installed, state-of-the-art iceberg monitoring equipment. The Exxon Baton Rouge (smaller ship on left) attempts to offload crude oil from the Exxon Valdez after the Valdez ran aground in Prince William sound near Valdez, Alaska, on March 26, 1989. Charges of misconduct and intoxication against Hazelwood were ultimately dismissed, but his captain’s license was suspended for nine months. A murre covered in oil passes along the darkened shoreline of Green Island. Das Schiff wurde 1989 unter seinem ersten Namen Exxon Valdez bekannt. Exxon spent nearly $4 billion after the horrific incident to pay for cleanup efforts, compensations for affected victims, and campaigns to rehabilitate the company's image, which had been tarnished by media reports of wildlife soaked in oil from the spill. Das unter der Flagge der Vereinigten Staaten fahrende Schiff lief am 24. Boats move through Sawmill Bay trailing the sorbent boom to prevent further oil leakage.
References to it permeated mainstream American culture in surprising ways, inspiring a cookbook, a movie, a play, music, books, poetry, and even a board game. Hundred First Congress, first session, The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill, Exxon oil spill : hearing before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, One Hundred Can’t find the disaster you were searching for?
Bis zur offiziellen Erklärung der Beendigung der Säuberungsarbeiten 1992 investierte Exxon darin weitere 2,2 Milliarden Dollar.
Cleanup workers and environmentalists began hauling out bodies of animals that were either dead or severely covered in oil.
Some crew members claimed that the captain had a few drinks at the bar earlier that day. Hunderttausende Fische, Seevögel und andere Tiere starben als direkte Folge des Unglücks. One local fisherman described the ordeal as "a horror movie in your mind.".
Der zuvor ganzjährig befischbare Heringsbestand des Sunds hat sich noch immer nicht erholt. This image of a damaged ship is not showing the T/V Exxon Valdez, and that is precisely the point. The crew was rushing to leave Valdez with a load of oil.
A rescued sea otter is washed by workers at a local animal facility after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Es befand sich am 24. Residents of Prince William Sound's small community and coastal workers were in shock, ill-equipped and untrained to handle an emergency of such magnitude. Im Juli 1993 wurde es zu SeaRiver Mediterranean umbenannt. Erik Hill/Anchorage Daily News/MCT/Getty Images.
Mearns, for example, has been monitoring the boom and bust cycles of marine life on a large boulder—nicknamed "Mearns Rock"—that was oiled but not cleaned after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Players vied to be the first to wash all 200 miles of oiled shoreline without running out of time or money. Not all impacts from an oil spill are as easy to see as deformed fish hearts. Captain Joseph Hazelwood left the bridge just 10 minutes before the crash; he put Third Mate Gregory Cousins in charge of steering the tanker. This image of a damaged ship is not showing the T/V Exxon Valdez, and that is precisely the point. Regardless of what may have transpired that night, the harm from the Exxon Valdez oil spill was irrefutably catastrophic. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Exxon Valdez Ship …
about 90 times that amount in profit in 2008. The Exxon Baton Rouge (smaller ship on left) attempts to offload crude oil from the Exxon Valdez after it ran aground in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Read more about the timeline of events leading up to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Marine Accident Report: Grounding of the U.S. Tankship Exxon Valdez: on Bligh Reef, Prince William Sound, near Valdez, Alaska, March 24, 1989. While lawmakers took nearly a year and a half—and a few more oil spills—to pass the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, this landmark legislation was without a doubt inspired by that major oil spill. This page was last edited on 9 August 2020, at 18:08. He was apparently sleeping of his excessive consumption of alcohol. library holdings.
Various sea birds, otters, fish, sea lions, and other marine life had fallen victim to the 11 million gallons of crude oil that leaked into the sea.
And counterclaim, civil action no. Nach einer Reparatur wurde sie unter dem Namen Exxon Mediterranean wieder in Betrieb genommen und war noch bis 2012 in Dienst, zuletzt als Erzfrachter unter dem Namen Oriental Nicety. http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/noaa_documents/NOAA_related_docs/oil_spills/ExxonValdez_NRT_1989_report_to_president.pdf.
The piece of metal on the right, inscribed with "On the rocks," is also metal from the ship but was purchased on eBay. Greenpeace.de: Nach 16 Jahren noch keine Entschädigung für die Opfer. Although witnesses pointed to signs of drinking, nobody could confidently state that the captain had appeared to be inebriated. Das im April 2011 auf den Namen Oriental Nicety umbenannte Schiff kam am 9. März 1989 vor Alaska auf Grund und löste damit eine Ölpest und eine der größten Umweltkatastrophen der Seefahrt aus. One of the species that has yet to recover after the Exxon Valdez oil spill is the killer whale, or orca.
November 2010 mit dem Schiff Aali lag es ab dem 10. Exxon Valdez oil spill workers use pressure washers to wash oil from the beach at Smith Island. It gained widespread infamy after the oil spill on 1989-03-24 in which the tanker, captained by Joseph Hazelwood, hit Prince William Sound's Bligh Reef and spilled an estimated 11 million gallons of crude oil. Exxon Valdez oil spill, the cleanup activities performed, and to learn ways of providing federal policy to prevent such incidents Photos of oil-soaked birds and other wildlife in Prince William Sound reinforced just how inadequate the patchwork of existing federal, state, and local laws were at preventing or addressing the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Captain Hazelwood received two Exxon Fleet safety awards for 1987 and 1988, the years leading up to March 1989, which was coincidentally the month the Exxon Valdez was featured on an Exxon Shipping Company calendar bearing the warning to "take time to be careful - now.". The company spent $2 billion on cleanup operations, and another $1.8 billion on habitat restoration and personal damages.
Before 2010, when the United States was fixated on a gushing oil well at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico, most Americans could probably only name one spill: when the tanker Exxon Valdez released 11 million gallons of crude oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound on March 24, 1989. Thick crude oil washed up on the boots of a cleanup worker on cobble beach of Evans Island.
In 2008 Exxon sold her to Hong Kong Bloom Shipping Ltd who refitted and converted her to an ore carrier, at this time she was again renamed Dong Fang Ocean. August 2012 am Strand vor Alang unter dem Namen Oriental N zur Abwrackung auf Grund gesetzt wurde.. Der für diesen Küstenabschnitt verantwortlichen Küstenwache wurden Versäumnisse vorgeworfen. The Exxon Valdez is re-floated and towed away by a small ship from Bligh Reef. The oil-exposed larva shows a suite of abnormalities including excess fluid building up around the heart due to heart failure and poor growth of fins and eyes. Langfristig vergiften sich die dort lebenden Tiere schleichend über die Nahrungsaufnahme, da die Ölreste immer noch nicht abgebaut sind. 7. Fish and Wildlife Service, 04/13/1989. Before this oil spill, scientists and oil spill experts thought that these marine mammals were able to detect and avoid oil spills. Als Folge des Unglücks erließen die USA ein Gesetz (Oil Pollution Act of 1990), nach der alle Tankerneubauten über eine Doppelhülle verfügen müssen, um US-amerikanische Häfen anlaufen zu dürfen. The Exxon Valdez was an oil tanker destined for Long Beach California when disaster struck. President George H. W. Bush initially refused to help clean up what he saw as Exxon's mess. In other words, the Exxon Valdez.) Exxon Valdez was the original name (later Sea River Mediterranean and eventually Mediterranean) of an oil tanker owned by the former Exxon Corporation. ), Out of the channel : the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, ( A dead gray whale lies on the beach of Kodiak Island, Alaska, after the Exxon Valdez oil spill.  Nach einer Kollision am 29. Juli 2012 zurück, woraufhin das Schiff am 2. v. Exxon Corporation, et al., defendants : civil action no.
Tanker (ship)-Wikipedia. The Dong Fang Ocean was finally sold for scrap in March 2012 following a collision with mv Aali on 29th November 2010 which resulted in serious damage to both vessels. Die örtliche Fischerei ist stattdessen auf den nur 6 Monate im Jahr fangbaren Lachs angewiesen. Das Schiff war mehr als 300 Meter lang, erreichte 20 Meter Tiefgang, 30.000 Tonnen Leermasse, verdrängte voll beladen eine Wassermasse von 240.000 Tonnen und konnte 235.000 Kubikmeter Rohöl transportieren.
Oil from the spill had harmed the wildlife so severely that many of them died despite best efforts from marine experts to save them.
The tanker Exxon San Francisco (left) pumps the remaining oil from the Exxon Valdez's leaking hull.
Many saw his sentence as a slap on the wrist compared to the damage his negligence had caused Alaska's environment, wildlife, and inhabitants. Hazelwood was acquitted of all but one misdemeanor: negligent discharge of oil. And then, see how real California's pollution problem is with 31 shocking images. Mehr als 2000 Kilometer Küste wurden verseucht. One of the first revelations to come out of the investigation was that Captain Hazelwood, who was essentially in charge of the Exxon Valdez tanker, had a history of drinking. Das Verfahren über einen Anspruch in Höhe von 92 Millionen Dollar zur Beseitigung der unerwartet bis heute verbliebenen Ölreste im Rahmen der Option ist noch nicht abgeschlossen.
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