He was the second son of Emperor Lothair I and Ermengarde of Tours. How Were Julius Caesar and His Successor Augustus Related? Any individual who undisputedly ruled the whole Empire, Where there were multiple claimants, and none were legitimate heirs, the claimant accepted by the, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 08:07. Constantine XI Palaiologos was the last reigning Roman emperor. With Imperium Maius, the emperor was also granted the power to appoint governors of imperial provinces without the interference of the Senate.
With his wife, Maria Theresa, he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. Originally a Swabian count, he was the first Habsburg to acquire the duchies of Austria and Styria, territories that would remain under Habsburg rule for more than 600 years and would form the core of the Habsburg Monarchy and the present-day country of Austria.
The three kingdoms (Germany, Italy, and Burgundy) formed the basis of the Empire as the "royal triad" (regna tria). Chosen by Constantine VIII to marry his daughter Zoe and succeed him as emperor. When the Emperor died in 1125 the electors, rejecting the hereditary principle, chose Lothar, duke of Saxony, to succeed him. Invictus ("Unconquered"), an honorific title. Viewing himself as a direct successor to the Roman Emperors of Antiquity, he was Emperor of the Romans from his papal coronation in 1220 until his death; he was also a claimant to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. The consular and censorial offices especially were not an integral part of the Imperial dignity, and were usually held by persons other than the reigning emperor.
Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He also served as the first president of the German Confederation following its establishment in 1815. His conquests brought him into conflict with the Byzantine Empire and with the Muslims of the Fatimid Caliphate, who both held territories in southern Italy. Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II - 1619-1637.
Alfonso's scientific interests—he is sometimes nicknamed "the Astrologer" (el Astrólogo)—led him to sponsor the creation of the Alfonsine tables, and the Alphonsus crater on the moon is named after him. Julius Caesar Julius Caesar. The Western Roman Empire ended in 476 AD when the last Roman Emperor, Romulus Augustus, was defeated by the German, Odoacer.  However, the majority of Roman writers, including Josephus, Pliny the Younger, Suetonius and Appian, as well as most of the ordinary people of the Empire, thought of Julius Caesar as the first Emperor..
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