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In 1844 he was hired as a master at the Collegiate School in Leicester. He was also awarded honorary doctorates from the Universities of Dublin (1882) and Oxford (1889) and won election to the Royal Society (1893). Alfred Russel Wallace (January 8 1823 — November 7 1913) was a British naturalist, geographer, anthropologist and biologist. 3. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. He is best known for studying warning colouration in animals, and examples include the Golden Birdwing Butterfly (Ornithoptera croesus) and his theory of speciation. Lyell and Hooker decided Wallace and Darwin’s theories should be read at a meeting of the Linnean Society on July 1, 1858, and, to establish Darwin’s priority, which Lyell and Hooker believed was proper, Darwin’s should be read first. Wallace ran unsuccessfully for the presidency four times between 1964 and 1976. In this way, subsequent generations either became enriched or impoverished for…, …Darwin’s colleague, the British naturalist. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Biology Online, its staff, or its partners. It is not intended to provide medical, legal, or any other professional advice. His father believed he was descended from William Wallace, the Scottish warrior portrayed in the movie Braveheart. It seems unlikely a friendship would have been possible if Wallace believed Darwin had behaved badly to him. Please use the following MLA compliant citation: This is a great article. Wallace attended a grammar school: these schools did not charge fees and were attended by children who passed an academic selection test. In Brazil he realized that geographical barriers often mark species boundaries. Alternative Title: A. R. Wallace.

From 1854 to 1862, he travelled through the Malay Archipelago or East Indies (now Malaysia and Indonesia), to collect specimens and study nature. (Biography) Sir Richard. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Fortunately for Wallace, he had insured the specimens and he received money for their loss. Sir Fred Hoyle, for example, proposed that although Darwin had a huge amount of data from the natural world, he had been unable to put it together into a satisfactory formulation. The unfortunate end to his Brazilian expedition did not diminish Wallace’s thirst for travel. Wallace’s detailed observations of their habits are recorded in one of his first writing efforts, an essay on “the South Wales Farmer,” which is reproduced in his autobiography. His income was limited to earnings from his writings, from grading school exams (which he did for some 25 years), and from a small inheritance from a relative. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Alfred Russel Wallace’s formal education was limited to six years at a one-room grammar school in Hertford, England. Before using our website, please read our Privacy Policy. He advocated vegetarianism and helped rewrite England’s monetary policy. 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